Development of Islamic Education Systems: The Role of Malaysia-Turkiye Strategic Relations in Shaping Student Morals and Values


  • Ahmad Handhalas Shamsuddin Ahmad Handhalas Shamsuddin
  • Che Zarrina Sa'ari Universiti Malaya
  • Mohd Syukri Zainal Abidin Universiti Malaya


Historical ties, Turkiye-Malaysia Comprehensive Strategic Cooperation, Islamic Education Development, Student Development, Morals and Values.


The historical ties between the Malacca Malay Sultanate and the Ottoman Turkish Empire, dating back to the 15th century, initially centered around strategic cooperation in politics and economics. Both entities were regarded as prominent Islamic powers that exerted influence across Asia and Europe. Central to this relationship was the sense of Muslim brotherhood, fostering a strong bond between them. Fast forward to 2014, the relationship between Malaysia and Turkey was further solidified through a "Comprehensive Strategic Cooperation" agreement. Subsequently, on 29 September 2022, the two nations bolstered their economic collaboration by signing the "Joint Declaration on the Expansion of Free Trade Agreements." Amidst the global challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, issues pertaining to morality and values among students have come to the forefront, prompting concerns. Consequently, this study endeavors to explore the impact of the strategic alliance between Malaysia and Turkey on Islamic Education, particularly in the cultivation of student morals and values. Employing a qualitative methodology, the research delves into existing literature and conducts document analysis. The findings of this investigation reveal a significant influence of the strategic partnership between Malaysia and Turkey on the advancement of Islamic Education in Malaysia, particularly in shaping the moral and values of students.