It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that the paper do not infringe any existing copyright. Furthermore, the author indemnifies the editors and publisher against any breach of such a warranty. Authors should obtain letters of permission to reproduce or adapt copyrighted material and enclose copies of these letters with the final version of the accepted manuscript. It is also the author’s responsibility to protect the anonymity and confidentiality of the respondents or to obtain letters of permission from the respondents if such anonymity and confidentiality are to be compromised. Author/s is fully responsible if there is an issue pertaining to any litigation of the paper submitted. By submitting articles to us, it is meant that the author/s has agreed with this copyright agreement.
SUBMISSION RULE AND PROCEDURE
Manuscripts must be original and must not have been previously published or be under concurrent consideration elsewhere. Please send electronic copies of your manuscript to email@example.com in Microsoft Word format only.
The editors and publisher of BITARA The International Journal of Civilizational Studies and Human Sciences have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of the JOURNALS, its editors or its publisher. THE JOURNALS, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising therefrom.
MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION GUIDELINES
Authors should prepare their manuscripts according to the guidelines. Manuscripts that are not prepared according to these guidelines may be returned for revision prior to any editorial consideration.
Manuscripts should be typed 1.5 spaced on only one side of the paper. The type on paper should be clear and readable.
Margin – Manuscripts must be in single spacing, font size 12 in Times New Roman and all margins: 1.5 inches (left) and 1 inch (top, right and bottom).
Length – Manuscripts are maximum 5,000 words or 15 pages (including references, attachments, tables and graphical information).
Tables – Must be placed as part of the text.
Title – Written in uppercase, bold, size 14 and centered.
Author/s – Name, address, email and contact number of all authors, font 12, Times.
Abstract – between 250-350 words “Times New Roman” size 12.
Keywords – should not more than FIVE keywords.
Title/sub-title – Written in uppercase, bold, size 12 and left margin.
Tables/ Figures – title of the tables/figure should be written on the top of the tables/figure. Times New Roman, font 12, Bold, lower case, centered.
Reference – Should be in the last part of the article (before any attachments/appendixes), in alphabetical order, according to American Psychological Association (APA) style.
Hanif M.L., Resad, I.S.M., Jamsari, E.A. 2018. Analysis of loanwords in text of Johore State Constitution 1312H (1895). International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 9(1): 763-770.
Nadzan Haron. 1990. Colonial defence and British approach to the problems in Malaya 1874-1918. Modern Asian Studies, 24(2) May: 281-282.
Dicey, A.V. 1985. Introduction to the study of The Law of the Constitution. Reprint Ed. ke 8. Indianapolis: Liberty Classic.
Peacock, A.C.S. 2015. The economic relationship between the Ottoman empire and Southeast Asia in the seventeenth century. in. Peacock, A.C.S. & Annabel The Gallop (ed.). From Anatolia to Aceh: Ottomans, Turks and Southeast Asia, pp. 63-89. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Abd Jalil Borham. 2011. Pengaruh Khilafah Othmaniyyah Turki dalam pentadbiran kerajaan Johor bagi memartabatkan sebuah negara Islam merdeka di Asia Tenggara. Proceeding Simposium Isu-isu Sejarah dan Tamadun Islam 2011, hlm. 1-19.
Mat Zakaria & Md. Pauzi Abdullah. 1996. Potential of chitosan in the food industries. Presented at First National Technology Connection Seminar. Organized by Ministry of Health, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 14-15 November.
Elmustian Rahman. 2000. Hubungan Kesultanan Johor dengan Riau-Lingga. Kertas kerja Seminar Sejarah dan Budaya Johor Tahun 2000. Organized by Johor Goverment, Garden Eden Hotel, Johor Bahru, 3-6 Mei.
Nashriyah Mat & Norimah Yusof. 2005. Analysis of Prawn Tissue Samples Derived from Mini Study on the Impact of Coal Dust to Prawn Fry. MINT/L/2005/38(S) (Research Project Agreement MINT-TNBJ: Code No: UPP/2005/(03)). Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia. 108 pp.
Thesis and Dissertation:
Rahman Tang Abdullah. 2007. Interpreting Abu Bakar, The Ruler of Johor (1862-1895): The Reconstruction of Selected Issues. Tesis Ph.D, School of African and Oriental Studies, University of London.
JAIF, Inc. 2004. 6th FNCA Coordinators Meeting in Japan, http://www.fnca.jp, retrieved 1st June 2005.
All references cited in the text must be listed in the reference list. Likewise, all references listed in the reference list must be cited in the text. Editor reserves the right to delete the missing and incomplete references if deemed necessary, and the related text. Incomplete references include references without page numbers.
Personal communications and websites
References to personal communications should be kept to a very minimum and only be mentioned in the text in the following form: (Muhammad, pers. comm.). References to websites are allowed only with the approval of the Chief Editor.
Authors should observe the limitations as set by the Journals size and layout, and avoid large tables. Each table should be numbered consecutively (Table 1, Table 2, etc.), and typed double-spaced on a separate page. Each table should be provided with concise and self-explanatory title in the lower case above the table and must contain horizontal lines only (above and below column headings and at the end of the table). Avoid usage of abbreviations; necessary usage of abbreviations must be clearly explained in the text (including the ABSTRACT and ABSTRAK) when mentioned the first time. Large data sets should be presented in two or more tables for clarity.
Figures and photos
Figures and photographs are to be labelled as figures (Fig.). If necessary, figures should be drawn on a separate sheet of paper and each figure identified lightly in pencil on the reverse. Cut and paste figures should be totally avoided unless they are original, meaning that they can be easily edited by using Microsoft Word. Captions to all figures should be typed double-spaced in lower-case below the figure. Illustrations should be numbered, according to their sequence in the text. References should be made in the text to each illustration. No border (box) is allowed for figures.
Photographs (of high quality black and white, glossy print type with good contrast) should be submitted in duplicate, complete with magnification (if any). Coloured slides will not be considered for printing unless as black and white, so reconsider submitting them. On rare occasion, request for colour publication will be entertained subject to prior payment from the author. The colour figures can be published for the online version of JAB but the printed version will be in black and white only except when the author pays the required cost.
This Journal accepts only good contrast and original line drawings. A poor quality illustration will not be included nor returned. It must be labelled as a figure (and should follow all explanations in the abovementioned Figures and photos), and in the body text, it must be centred.
This should be included whenever it is deemed appropriate, as a separate section before the Reference index section.
The author should correct Proofs when received, and return them to the Chief Editor within 3 working days. No changes other than editorial corrections and typo errors should be made, subject to two-way communication with the Chief Editor.
The Chief Editor reserves the right to reconsider the acceptance of the manuscript if there is considerable delay in receiving the corrected manuscript from the author, subject to further communication. However, the manuscript that was ready for galley proof is automatically considered as it belongs to this Journal and will be published, regardless of any miscommunication, if deemed necessary by the Chief Editor.
No submission fee charged to authors. However, if the paper is accepted for publication, author(s) will be asked to pay RM300.00 or USD75.00 as article publication fee in order to consider the operating costs. The payment method will be notified by the editor after the acceptance of the paper.