Ahkam Siyam ashab al-Mihan al-Shaqqah wa-al-Mughtaribin: Dirasah Fiqhiyah Muqaranah [Provisions for Fasting Hard Professions and Expatriates: A Comparative Jurisprudence Study]


  • Ahmed Abdel Rahman Abdel Aziz al-Shiha Amman Arab University
  • Mohd Izhar Ariff Mohd Kashim Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Badli Shah Alauddin Fatwa Department of Pahang, Malaysia
  • Abdul Muhaimin Mahmood Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Mohd Hafiz Safiai Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia


Fast, people with hard professions, expatriates,


The research deals with the issue of the inability of some industrialists and people with hard professions to fast during the month of Ramadan, and their exposure to severe harm during fasting. Given the harsh nature of their work, especially in the summer, do they have to fast because they are included in the general taxpayers, or do they have a license to leave it? The study addressed this issue through: explaining the meaning of fasting, its wisdom and legitimacy, and the licenses that allow breaking the fast, and clarifying what is meant by flat professions and those like them from craftsmen, artisans and expatriates, and reviewing the sayings of jurists, scholars and fatwas regarding the ruling on breaking their fast in Ramadan, and the conditions and controls governing that. The research concluded that it is permissible to break their fast when the damage is severe, and to use all possible means to avoid it.